Universal Fare-Free Public Transport
"Estonia’s capital recently launched Europe’s largest initiative for FFPT to date. Since January 2013, Tallinn has provided free public transport in buses, trams, and trolleybuses to all city residents and all students in Estonia. This is an extension of a successful measure that allowed preschoolers, the elderly, and public servants to travel fare-free. The project curbs private car use, a growing trend in the country, and has contributed to a 7.5% annual decrease in congestion in the city center between 2011 and 2015. City residents now enjoy cleaner air, safer streets, and savings on transport costs.
The initiative is publicly funded, and the city received strong support from their constituency. A public poll on FFPT, conducted in March 2012, showed massive 75.5% support for the initiative. Furthermore, there has been a significant increase in the number of registered and tax-paying Tallinners since the implementation of free public transport, which the city believes is a result of the initiative."